Yes you ambitious home bakers, you have to make a miche, if only once in your baking life…
Probably made most famous by Parisian baker Poilâne the miche can be defined as a very large rustic sourdough bread, usually a round loaf made from a natural leavening that also has a high percentage of whole wheat flour in it. Its very large size with low crust to crumb ratio means it also keeps better, which was important back in the day when people made bread only about once per week. For centuries, French villages had communal ovens where the townsfolk would bring their dough to be baked. To be worthy of the term miche, each bread has to way from around 1.5 to over 5 kg!
Our version of this bread, based on a recipe from the Hamelman ‘Bread’ book, could be considered a small miche, weighing around 1.6 kg before baking. It is made with a combination of mostly whole wheat flour and rye flour, water, leavening and salt and could therefor also be labeled a traditional or classic type of miche. Of course it is also fun to experiment with different percentages and types of flour, creating different crust and crumb structures.
Ingredients for the preferment
30 g bread flour
150 g wholewheat flour
106 g water
36 g sourdough culture
Making the preferment
This miche is made with a stiff sourdough starter dough. You make the preferment the evening before you make the bread, provided you want to bake the next morning (it takes 12 hours to ferment). Make the preferment by dissolving 36 grams of your active sourdough culture (we use our rye sourdough culture for this recipe) in 106 grams of water and add 30 grams of bread flour and 150 grams wholewheat flour. Stir until it comes together and finish by kneading the dough by hand until you have a ball (about one minute tops). Put the dough ball in a bowl, cover with clingfilm and let it ferment for 12 hours at room temperature.
Ingredients for the miche
makes 1 Miche 1.6 kg
322 g sourdough preferment – 12 hours
110 g bread flour
110 g whole rye flour
500 g wholewheat flour
582 g water
15 g salt
Making the miche
Dissolve the preferment in some of the water you are going to use. This makes it easier for the ingredients to combine. Put the sourdough starter and flour in the mixing bowl of your standing mixer and add 2/3 of the water. Now start mixing and gradually add the rest of the water and let the dough come together (see if you need all of the water or even a bit more, depending on the flour you use). Knead for 1 minute until you have a shaggy mass (as Hamelman calls it). Leave it in your mixing bowl, cover and let it rest for 30 minutes. This process is called ‘autolyse’.
After the autolyse phase distribute the salt evenly on top of the dough and knead the dough for another 5 minutes (about 10 minutes by hand, depending on your technique) and watch it turn into something more resembling bread dough. Return to a greased bowl and let it rest for 50 minutes.
Slashing the dough around the windmill
Now take the dough out of the bowl and onto a floured work surface and do one stretch and fold (see our video to observe this technique if you are not familiar with it). Transfer to the bowl, cover and leave to rest for 50 minutes. After 50 minutes again transfer it to the floured work surface and do another stretch and fold. Transfer to the bowl, cover and again leave for 50 minutes. This is your second stretch and fold.
Preheat your oven to 235 ºC / 455 ºF (at what stage you preheat your oven depends on how long it takes your oven to heat through, some take 30 minutes, some with stone floors take a lot longer, up to two hours. The preparation time from this point until the bread actually goes into the oven is about 90 minutes! So you might want to preheat your oven at a later stage but make sure it’s well heated).
Now it’s time to shape. Shaping is something for which everybody develops his or her own technique over time. If necessary you can learn more on shaping from a good bread book, like the ones by Hamelman or Reinhart. Your big 1.6 kg piece of dough has to be shaped into a ball or boule. You can watch our short video clip to learn about a technique that works well for us. Sprinkle the top of your boule with flour, turn it upside down and transfer your boule to a prepared proofing basket (banneton).
Now cover and leave to proof for 90 minutes. When you think the bread has risen enough, use your finger to carefully make a very small dent in the dough. If the dent remains, the bread is ready to bake, if the indentation disappears, the dough needs a little bit more time.
Now your miche is ready for the oven. Slash the top of the miche with a lame or bread scoring knife.
To get a nice crust, try to create some steam in your oven by putting a small metal baking tray on your oven floor when you preheat the oven and pouring half a cup of hot water immediately after putting the bread in the oven. Release some steam by setting your oven door ajar (perhaps with the help of a wooden spoon) 5 minutes before the bread is ready. If you are going to create steam with a baking tray, you maybe also want to turn your oven temperature a bit higher, because you are going to lose some heat in the process.
After 70 to 75 minutes of baking your miche should be ready. Transfer onto a rack and leave to cool. This miche stays very edible for several days and also keeps well in the freezer. It is best to leave this bread to cool and ‘set’ for half a day or so before cutting and eating.
Miche time table
day 1 22.00 h Make starter let ferment for 12 hours at room temperature
day 2 10.00 h Make the final dough
- 10.00 h Dissolve starter in some of the water
- Add flour and water and knead 1 minute
- Autolyse for 30 minutes
- 10.30 h Add salt and knead for 5 minutes
- Leave to rest for 50 minutes
- 11.25 h Stretch and Fold
- Leave to rest for 50 minutes
- 12.15 h Stretch and fold
- Leave to rest for 50 minutes
- 13.05 h Shape
- Approx 90 minutes final proofing at room temperature
- 14.35 h Into the oven for 70-75 minutes
- 16.05 h Out of the oven and leave to cool